Refined Bleached Deodorized Palm Oil (RBDPO) is obtained from Refining Crude Palm Oil. RBD Palm Oil is a Light Yellow Liquid or Semi–Solid at Room Temperature, Melting to clear Yellow Liquid on slightly heating. RBD Palm Oil is used as Frying Oil for Food industries, such as, instant Noodles, Snack Foods, etc. RBD Palm Oil also used in other Food Industries, such as, Margarines, Shortenings, Ice Cream, Condensed Milk, Vanaspati Ghee, Soap, etc. RBD Palm Oil is the basic palm oil product sold on the world’s commodity markets. Many companies fractionate it further to produce palm oil for cooking oil, or process it into other products. Indonesia is the world’s largest producer of palm oil. It is surpassing Malaysia in 2006, producing more than 20.9 million tonnes. Indonesia expects to double production by the end of 2030.
Palm oil, like all fats, is composed of fatty acids, esterified with glycerol. Palm oil has an especially high concentration of saturated fat, specifically the 16–carbon saturated fatty acid, palmitic acid, to which it gives its name. Monounsaturated oleic acid is also a major constituent of Palm Oil. Unrefined Palm Oil is a significant source of tocotrienol, part of the Vitamin E family.
After Milling, various Palm Oil Products are made using Refining Processes. First is Fractionation, with Crystallization and Separation Processes to obtain Solid (Stearin), and Liquid (Olein) Fractions. Then Melting and Degumming Removes Impurities. Then the Oil is Filtered and Bleached. Physical Refining Removes Smells and Coloration to Produce “Refined, Bleached and Deodorized Palm Oil” (RBDPO) and Free Fatty Acids, which are used in the Manufacturing of Soaps, Washing Powder and other Products. RBD Palm Oil is the Basic Palm Oil Product Sold on the World’s Commodity Markets. It Fractionates further to Produce RBD Palm Olein for Cooking Oil, or Process it into other products.
Standard Specification of RBD Palm Oil: